1 The War Against the Greens, David A. Helvarg, Sierra
Club Books, 1994,pp. 63 et seq.
2 The Wise Use Movement - Strategic Analysis &
Fifty State Review, Clearinghouse on Environmental Advocacy and Research,
3 Helvarg, supra, pp. 8-9.
4 82% of adults surveyed by Louis Harris and Associates
in May 1993, felt that this country should be doing more than it does now
to protect the environment and curb pollution. Seventy-four percent said
they usually support environmentalist leaders of organizations who work
to protect the environment and prevent industrial pollution.
5 The Gold and Green Report, prepared by the Institute
of Southern Studies in 1994, actually revealed a strong positive correlation
between the strength of states' environmental protections and the strength
of their economies. These findings essentially confirmed an October, 1992,
study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology which found that states
with strong environmental records did not experience slower employment
growth or slower overall economic growth than states with weak environmental
6 Gottlieb served eight months of a year sentence for
federal income tax evasion in 1984.
7 How to Deal With the Wise Use Movement, c. 1993,
Western Organization of Resource Councils.
8 Watt favored unlimited development of natural resources.
He justified unrestrained current consumption, rather than thoughtful conservation,
on his fundamentalist christian belief that "I do not know how many
future generations we can count on before the Lord returns." A Fierce
Green Fire, Philip Shabecoff, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1993,
9 This term is derived from language in the National
Environmental Policy Act which states that important cultural aspects of
national heritage must be preserved in carrying out environmental regulations.
Anti-Conservation advocates equate "culture" with "custom"
to create the expanded term, and then apply this new term to any practice
that has a history of being used in a particular area.
10 The John Birch Society is an ultra-conservative
group with fundamentalist religious overtones dedicated to stopping the
communist threat seen as menacing America. It was founded in 1958, in Belmont,
Massachusetts by candy company executive Robert Welch. It was named for
a Baptist missionary and U.S. Army Colonel who died in China, ten days
after the end of World War II, under unclear circumstances during a confrontation
with Communist troops.
11 The Fox flows northeast into Green Bay, and the
Wisconsin flows southwest into the Mississippi. They pass within a few
miles of each other at Portage. These two rivers, and the portage for which
the town is named, formed the route by which early French explorers traveled
from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi.
12 God, Land and Politics, Dave Mazza, 1994, The Western
States Center and Montana AFL/CIO, explored and identified the interconnections
between property rights advocacy and the religious right.
13 "Rightward, Christian Soldiers," Isthmus,
Madison, Wisconsin, Sept. 11-17, 1992, pp. 7-9.
14 People For the American Way is a Washington, D.C.
based organization founded for the purpose of exposing and resisting intolerance.